1.Any hotspot district with more than 15 cases would be treated as a district witnessing outbreak.
- Why this classification was necessary? What are its implications?
- How are the districts divided?
- How are Containment zones and epicenters demarcated?
UPSC can list these Questions under
GS paper 2 (Issues related to health, education and Human Resources.)
What is the context about?
- The government has decided to divide all districts across the country into hotspots, non-hotspots and green zones.
- The health and family welfare ministry has identified 170 hotspot districts, 207 non-hotspot districts reporting cases and 359 green zone districts not reporting any cases across the country.
- These numbers will increase or decrease based on fresh cases of novel coronavirus infection.
Why this classification was necessary? What are its implications?
- This will help in managing the Covid-19 pandemic as well as partial opening up of economic activities during the extended period of the nationwide lockdown.
- This would help in management of hotspots and spread of pandemic.
How are the districts divided?
- The health ministry used two criteria to classify the districts as hotspots — the absolute number of cases and the speed of growth in cases.
- The technical definition followed to classify the districts is any district reporting more than six cases would be classified as hotspot district or red zone.
- Any hotspot district with more than 15 cases would be treated as a district witnessing outbreak.
How are Containment zones and epicenters demarcated?
- A house with positive cases or a cluster with positive cases is marked as the epicentre of the containment zone. A radius of 0.5 km is taken and the area around it is cordoned off with only essential services available.
- Also, a buffer zone is marked where people with severe and acute respiratory illnesses (SARI) are checked and monitored.
- Containment zones are created to map the local transmission of the disease and prevent the contagion from spreading.